An independent permanent International Criminal Court is a challenge to impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community. It is a challenge for international as well as transnational law. The course examines the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, its legal bases and the status of non-party states. It will focus on the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression. The course provides an analysis of the general principles of international criminal law. Topics to be discussed include victim's rights as well as rights of the accused, presumption of innocence, rules of legal interpretation and criminal responsibility.