Law and legal studies in Germany differ fundamentally from the system of legal education in many other European countries. The German legal education is based on the „Einheitsjuristen“ model. After successful completion of two examinations the lawyer is enabled to work not only as a judge in the courts, but also in all other legal occupations. This means that each student carries the same course through to become a ‘Volljurist’.
The course of study set by a legal state act includes mandatory subjects and an elective specialisation. The mandatory subjects cover the core areas of civil law, criminal law, public law and also current European law, procedural law, methods of law, and the philosophical, historical and social basis for law. In addition, foreign language competency in law and soft skills are also important (e.g. negotiation, rhetoric, ability to communicate, presentation and mediation).
The areas of specialisation complement the course of study, increase knowledge in the mandatory subjects and mediate the interdisciplinary and international benefits of law. The specialisations serve to build the profile of the Law Department and are determined according to the areas of expertise and research interests of the teaching staff. Student may choose their own specialisation among the following options:
The legal traineeship after the first legal examination is a preparation for the legal workplace , which consists of many different training opportunities at the courts, authorities, and law firms, which are completed with another legal examination after two years. These ‘assessor examinations‘ open doors to occupations as a lawyer, notary or judge, which are solely reserved for ‘Volljuristen‘.