Helene Bubrowski is a political journalist at the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. She holds a doctoral degree (Ph.D. equivalent) from the University of Cologne, the First and Second German State Examinations and a Maîtrise/LL.M. from the Université de Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne). Her doctoral thesis on international investment law focuses on the relationship between domestic courts and international arbitral tribunals. She was awarded the prize for the best thesis in international law of the University of Cologne. Ms Bubrowski was a visiting scholar at McGill University in Montreal. She practiced arbitration at an international law firm and acted as the Secretary to the Tribunal in several international arbitration proceedings. She is author or co-author of numerous articles on arbitration and investment law.